A content management system or CMS is a Web application that stores and manages the content. It stores the data (pages data) in a database and retrieves it whenever it is required. Thus, the data can be edited and even new data can be created. There are usually two sections to a CMS, one is the front end the user side visible to all visitors to the site. The second is the admin section which is only visible to the site administrator for modifying the content.
The web designers usually create a layout for the website and implement the website in HTML. This web design then needs to converted into a template that can be used by the CMS that you select. The website created in HTML by the website designer contains all the content and images. But this is in a format that very few people will understand let alone be able to implement. Especially when dealing with clients who are not technologically it becomes very difficult for example, a web designer in India or just about anywhere to explain how content pages can be modified. Thus, web design companies often implement such CMS web application to solve the basic necessity of all involved.
Using a CMS makes tasks like creating and editing of content very simple and easy. The web designers have a good knowledge of technologies like HTML and CSS and thus are able to make a very good looking page with content and images in a blink of an eye. But the same is often not true for the client or the common man. Such people require help to place their content in the right place and place the images properly aligned. Thus such people can make use of a CMS which has a good editor feature fully capable of formatting the text and aligning the images and placing them in the appropriate place. What happens in such a case is that the web design of the website is fixed.
The layout or design is made by the web designer and integrated into the CMS. Thus while creating pages from the CMS the novice user will have a ready page with the correct design and all he is required to do is to enter the content and images.
While picking a CMS it is important to remember to do so by keeping client requirements in mind. There are a great many CMS solutions available out there and each of them have special features that you should take into consideration while making the choice. It is necessary to do a little bit of research while picking a CMS. You should have your requirements correctly laid out and in your hand while choosing the CMS. For example, you may require a CMS with other complex features like a photo gallery, and event management system or even a small community and shopping cart. Thus, different CMS packages have different features which require an expert’s opinion to make the final decision.
There are many CMS available however the top few are listed below.
Durpal is a very hands on open source CMS. This CMS allows you to edit the content from the page itself without having to go to the page from the admin section. It is possible to extend the functionality by adding additional modules and it is also possible to apply your own theme and customize it.
WordPress has been growing in popularity for a very long time. It has been perfected over the years and provides a perfect blogging platform. Although, besides providing a nice blogging interface it is also a very good CMS with plenty of existing functionality and add on modules available. Furthermore, WordPress is easy to use and simple to understand from the coder’s perspective.
Joomla too is a very popular CMS. It has a great deal of features built into the core program which is supplemented with the add on module, some of which are free. The newer versions of Joomla are secure than ever though it does have a bit of a learning curve when it comes to understanding the workings of the CMS.
The average user is not a very tech savvy person and thus turns to web designers to help them out. These web designers are capable of providing a state of the art design that can be used to display the company information, for example. But it doesn’t stop there. The content frequently requires modification or new content to be added and then the web designer needs to be hassled again. A CMS is a system that makes it possible for the average person to do things with the content himself. Selecting a CMS again depends a great deal on the complexity of the website.