For many electronic enthusiasts, their interest and passion for invention will eventually lead them to make electronic fixtures and repairs at home by themselves. It is therefore important that electrical safety is prioritized when carrying out these DIY electronic projects.
Here are 5 tips for conducting DIY electronic projects safely that can help you a great deal.
1. Learn the Basics
When carrying out DIY electronic projects, it is important to learn the basics, so you don’t end up electrocuting yourself or blowing up your project. Understanding how each part of an electronic system works is crucial.
Before undertaking a project, read and understand the basic functions of all the electronic components such as capacitors, diodes, resistors, transistors and integrated circuits. You can follow a tutorial to guide you through the basics of your electronics. You can also follow other people’s guides to learn new skills and get expert advice.
2. Use Power Tools Safely
Working with electricity can be potentially hazardous. This is why it is very important to use power tools safely. Never leave any power tools unattended and especially when they are active. Always unplug all tools before leaving the site. Place your power tools and appliances away from children’s reach.
Keep your electrical cords away from heat and sharp edges. Also, ensure that your cords do not present a tripping hazard. Never carry your DIY tool by its cord. Hold it by the plug instead. Do not use your tools in wet conditions unless you are sure that they are approved. Always ensure that the floors are dry to avoid slipping.
3. Wear The Right Attire
What you wear when working on your DIY project is quite important. By wearing the right attire, you can protect yourself from unnecessary accidents. Wear insulated rubber gloves when working on an electric circuit.
Avoid jewelry and loose clothing that can get caught in your equipment. Protect your eyes by wearing goggles. Also, ensure that you wear safety shoes when working to avoid hurting your feet.
4. Avoid Mains Electricity
When working on your DIY electronic project, the safest way is to avoid using the mains voltage. Use a power-brick such as a power adapter, or a plug transformer. These will provide you with a safe voltage to work on.
Most transformers are double insulated thus ensuring that the high voltage parts are not accessible to the user. Ensure that the transformer you are using is suitable for the circuit type and the power supply you are plugging into. Do not plug anything into a physically damaged transformer.
5. Use The Correct Fuse
Always select the appropriate fuse in your projects. This will protect you against fire. A fuse will automatically disconnect the live wire when there is an overcurrent. Ensure that the fuse you use is above but very close to the maximum current that the fuse will draw.
Your fuse should be should be able to support the highest possible short circuit currents. Remember, a fuse with an inappropriate interrupting rating is a serious safety hazard.
By following this 5 simple yet important safety tips, your DIY electronic projects will be safe and accident-free.