An alloy is a mixture of two or more metals or other elements. Babbitt alloy is a bearing metal alloy, which is usually light in color and has a tin or lead base. The primary use of this alloy is for the bearing surface, bushing bearing for industrial machines. Isaac Babbitt, in Taunton, Massachusetts, developed this alloy in 1839.
Isaac used the formula of 89.3% tin, 7.1% antimony, and 3.6%, copper. However, for other alloys, he kept his recipe as a secret.
Babbitt alloys are unusual to create new bearing or repairing existing ones. Metaconcept Group, a Babbitt metal supplier, has expertise in Babbitt metal alloys, fusible alloys, and more.
What are the properties of Babbitt metal alloy?
There are two types of Babbitt alloy, Tin-based and Lead-based composite. Hence, to understand its features, one must know the difference between the two types.
Properties of Tin-based Babbitt alloy
It contains 80% of the tin alloy to add the hardness in Babbitt metal.
- Tin-based Babbitt alloy provides low wear as well as low friction resistance.
- Babbitt alloy works flawlessly under pressure, which is perfect for machine shaft with high speed. It is also ideal for machines with weak lubrication along with bearings.
- Babbitt alloy with a tin base can also absorb dirt particles from the lubrication system without seizing.
- Tin-based Babbitt alloy can take heat away from machinery due to its high thermal connectivity.
- Applications of Tin-based Babbitt alloy are its usage in compressors, electric motors, heavy machinery, and marine work.
Properties of Lead-based Babbitt alloy
The lead-based alloy contains more than 75% of Lead and some tin as well as antimony.
- Lead-based Babbitt alloy has amazing corrosion capabilities. Hence, the alloy is perfect for shipboard applications.
- Babbitt alloy with Lead is ideal for work with high moisture and humidity.
- Similar to Tin-based alloy, it also has excellent frictional properties.
- Lead-based Babbitt alloy is useful in machinery, which will be in use for a longer period.
- The Babbitt alloy is also suitable for applications with shock loads.
- The alloy has fantastic thermal conductivity.
- It is useful in applications such as general-purpose machinery, line shafting, and machine shops. Some of the other applications are in the development of conveyors, elevators, steel mill machinery.
Fusible alloys and its properties
As the name suggests, the fusible metal alloy is capable of easy fusion. The alloy melts at a relatively lower temperature, which is less than 300 degrees and has specific features. The alloys with low melting points are great to use as coolants. The alloys are stable under heating and have higher thermal conductivity.
- Fusible alloys are often used to manufacture fusible plugs, coating for other metals, and some tube bending applications.
- Due to the low melting point of the alloy, they are ideal for manufacturing safety devices such as fire suppression systems. Fusible alloys are also useful in the manufacturing of boilers and water heaters.
- Fusible alloys, when used as a coating on iron or steel, can prevent corrosion, rusting, and structural deterioration.
Babbitt alloys and Fusible alloys have several applications in favor of industries using machinery. Metaconcept Group provides top quality CERRO®, bismuth-based, non-ferrous alloys, designed by Bertrandias. Their low melting point alloy is recyclable, which helps reduce waste.
Metals, when combined to make them more efficient than the base metal, are beneficial for specific heavy machinery applications. The recycling of these metals is also essential for the environment. Hence, the Metaconcept Group also provides training in organizations.