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Azure Network Security Best Practices

Securing the cloud infrastructure is critical, and best practices for network security ensure the safety of data and applications while safeguarding the overall cloud environment against any potential threats.

Microsoft Azure is one of the leading cloud computing services, and its network security is a crucial aspect that requires close attention. Understanding and applying best practices can increase the security profile of Azure deployments and ensure business safety and continuity.


This article will explore the best practices for Azure Network Security to offer a robust and resistant defense against security threats.

Best Practices For Azure Network Security

  • Using Strong Network Controls: Strong network controls involve the placement of Azure virtual machines (VMs) and appliances on Azure virtual networks, and this forms the base for Azure network security best practices. This placement works as a secure channel of communication between these devices and other devices on the network. It enables centralized management of core network functions like ExpressRoute, virtual network & subnet provisioning, and IP addressing. These controls can be leveraged to manage traffic flow, restrict unauthorized access, and ensure stringent security. This enables the Azure virtual network to act as the walls that prevent breaches while the network controls act as guards that help ensure a secure and strong cloud environment.
  • Segmenting Subnets: Logical segmentation of subnets involves breaking a large network into smaller, manageable subnets. This best practice increases security by segregating different parts of the network and limiting the impact of a security breach. Segmentation ensures that an attack on any one part of the network will not allow the damage to spread across the network and stay contained within the subnet. Logically, segmentation also gives micro-level control over the network traffic since rules and policies can be applied to the subnet level. This logical segmentation allows organizations to customize security measures as per the needs and characteristics of individual subnets to increase overall network security.
  • Adopting a Zero-Trust Approach: The zero-trust approach works on the principle of “never trust, always verify” and it assumes that every request that originates from within or outside the network is always a potential threat unless it is proved otherwise. This requires stringent verification for any person or device trying to access the network resources, irrespective of location. Implementation of a zero-trust approach can help minimize attacks and improve and increase the audit and compliance process. For Azure, this approach can involve multi-factor authentication, conditional access, and controlling access. A zero-trust approach is a critical part of any Azure network security strategy.
  • Controlling Routing: Controlling routing behavior involves managing the packets that are routed within the network to prevent unauthorized access and ensure data integrity. Azure, by default, uses system routes and directs the network traffic between subnets, on-premises networks, and the Internet. But these can be overridden using custom routes that can control traffic flow at a micro level. This is very useful when the traffic is to be directed through a virtual asset for logging or inspection before it reaches its destination. Controlling routing behavior enables increasing network security, improves performance, and helps meet compliance standards.
  • Using Perimeter Networks for Security Zones: Perimeter networks for security zones or Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) add an extra layer of security to the local area network (LAN). This network opens or exposes the customer or front-facing services to an untrusted, larger network that is usually the Internet. If one network is breached, this DMZ offers an additional defense that prevents other networks from being compromised. For Azure, this can mean deploying the virtual network as a perimeter network and allowing network virtual appliances (NVAs) to filter traffic between the perimeter network and other network segments. This best practice can increase Azure network security significantly.
  • Network Security Groups (NSGs): Network security groups (NSGs) provide a list of communication that is allowed or disallowed to pass to and from the network interfaces and subnets by acting as a virtual firewall for the network. It controls the access to inbound and outbound traffic to network interfaces and subnets by acting as an effective barrier to traffic. NSGs contain an Access Control List (ACL) rule that can give access to or deny network traffic to applications based on port, protocol an,d source,e, and destination IP address. By ensuring that only authorized traffic passes through. NSGs can enhance the security of the Azure environment in a significant way.
  • Firewall Configuration: A firewall is a shield between Azure resources and potential internet threats. Based on predefined security rules, firewalls inspect all incoming and outbound traffic and block any traffic that does not conform to the set rules. Firewalls are scalable, and developers can create, enforce, and log applications and network policies across all virtual networks and subscriptions. When firewalls are configured properly, they can ensure that only legitimate traffic can access Azure resources.

Final Words

Best practices for Azure network security are a distinctive set of rules and strategies that can protect the integrity of Azure resources. These practices include a zero-trust approach, firewall configuration, deployment of perimeter networks, and more, enabling a strong defense against any potential threats.

By implementing these best practices, organizations increase security to safeguard their Azure resources. Best practices for secretaries are an ongoing process that requires regular reviews and updates against new threats.

Written By

A professional and security-oriented programmer having more than 6 years of experience in designing, implementing, testing and supporting mobile apps developed. Being techno geek, I love to read & share about the latest updates in technology including but not limited to IoTs, AI, application development, etc. In my free time, I like to play football, watch movies and explore new places. I have been learning mobile app development since 2012. With having a good understanding of programming languages, I develop native as well as web apps for both iOS & Android using latest tools & technologies. I am also having experience in both front-end & back-end development.

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